Hashish and ache administration: is various plant drugs turning into the brand new norm?

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Over time, alternative herbal medicine is slowly helping to change the way people view and / or perform pain management. /. Photo by BLAIR GABLE /.REUTERS

For example, NSAIDs can be beneficial, but they have also been linked to complications affecting the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and renal systems. Opioids, for their part, have proven their effectiveness in a variety of situations, but also their potential to cause cognitive deficits, motor impairments, and respiratory depression. Unfortunately, opioids also pose a significant risk of addiction and dependence for certain groups of people.

Over time, alternative herbal medicines like cannabis, numerous cannabinoids, and terpenes slowly help change the way people view and / or perform pain management.

Cannabis for the treatment and management of pain

The cannabis plant contains over 100 cannabinoids, some of which are better known than others, including CBD and THC. Numerous cannabinoids are medically and therapeutically beneficial in several ways, but the analgesic properties of CBD, THC, cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabigerol (CBG) are outstanding. So far, CBC has been found to contain both anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, while CBG has been shown to have more analgesic activity than THC.

FILE: An AA woman bends down to smell a marijuana plant at the Cannabis Crown 2010 Expo on April 18, 2010 in Aspen, Colorado. Cannabis Crown 2010 is home to hundreds of marijuana industry vendors and thousands of marijuana users in two Tony Aspen hotels, plus a hemp fashion show and marijuana quality assessment. / PHOTO BY CHRIS HONDROS / GETTY IMAGES

Aside from the analgesic properties of various cannabinoids, various terpenes found in the cannabis plant are also analgesics, especially myrcene. A 2008 study expanded this and found, “Myrcene is analgesic and this activity, unlike cannabinoids, is blocked by naloxone, suggesting an opioid-like mechanism.” Another terpene that contains analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties is β- Caryophylls.

In addition, cannabinoid analgesics were generally well tolerated in clinical trials. The World Health Organization (WHO) also reported that CBD is non-psychoactive, non-toxic, non-addictive, and has a good safety profile.

While there is more to be learned about cannabinoids and pain management, various surveys of cannabis users have shed light on the substitution of opioids by cannabis products. A 2017 survey focused specifically on US and Canadian cannabis users. The following was reported: “Our results are in line with previous surveys of American and Canadian marijuana users who found opioid substitution with marijuana predominant because of better symptom management and fewer adverse and withdrawal effects.”

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